Migrate Amazon Web Services (AWS) EC2 VM to Azure Cloud


This gallery contains 1 photo.

In my previous blog, I have written how to migrate workloads from VMware to Azure Cloud.  In this tutorial, I am going to elaborate you how to migrate Amazon Web Services (AWS) EC2 virtual machines (VMs) to Azure VMs by … Continue reading

Veeam integrate with EMC and NetApp Storage Snapshots!

Taking a VMware snapshots and Hyper-v checkpoint can produce a serious workload on VM performance, and it can take considerable effort by sys admin to overcome this technical challenge and meet the required service level agreement. Most Veeam user will run their backup and replication after hours considering impact to the production environment, but this can’t be your only backup solution. What if storage itself goes down, or gets corrupted? Even with storage-based replication, you need to take your data out of the single fault domain. This is why many customers prefer to additionally make true backups stored on different storage. Never to store production and backup on to a same storage.


Source: Veeam

Now you can take advantage of storage snapshot. Veeam decided to work with storage vendor such as EMC and NetApp to integrate production storage, leveraging storage snapshot functionality to reduce the impact on the environment from snapshot/checkpoint removal during backup and replication.

Supported Storage

  • NetApp FAS
  • NetApp FlexArray (V-Series)
  • NetApp Data ONTAP Edge VSA
  • HP 3PAR StoreServ
  • HP StoreVirtual
  • HP StoreVirtual VSA
  • IBM N series

Unsupported Storage

  • Dell Compellent

NOTE: My own experience with HP StoreVirtual and HP 3PAR are awful. I had to remove HP StoreVirtual from production store and introduce other fibre channel to cope with workload. Even though Veeam tested snapshot mechanism with HP, I would recommend avoid HP StoreVirtual if you have high IO workload.


Veeam suggest that you can get lower RPOs and lower RTOs with Backup from Storage Snapshots and Veeam Explorer for Storage Snapshots.

Veeam and EMC together allow you to:

  • Minimize impact on production VMs
  • Rapidly create backups from EMC VNX or VNXe storage snapshots up to 20 times faster than the competition
  • Easily recover individual items in two minutes or less, without staging or intermediate steps

As a result of integrating Veeam with EMC, you can backup 20 times faster and restore faster using Veeam Explorer. Hence users can achieve much lower RPOs (recovery point objectives) and lower RTOs (recovery time objectives) with minimal impact on production VMs.

How it works

Veeam Backup & Replication works with EMC and NetApp storage, along with VMware to create backups and replicas from storage snapshots in the following way.


Source: Veeam

The backup and replication job:

  1. Analyzes which VMs in the job have disks on supported storage.
  2. Triggers a vSphere snapshot for all VMs located on the same storage volume. (As a part of a vSphere snapshot, Veeam’s application-aware processing of each VM is performed normally.)
  3. Triggers a snapshot of said storage volume once all VM snapshots have been created.
  4. Retrieves the CBT information for VM snapshots created on step 2.
  5. Immediately triggers the removal of the vSphere snapshots on the production VMs.
  6. Mounts the storage snapshot to one of the backup proxies connected into the storage fabric.
  7. Reads new and changed virtual disk data blocks directly from the storage snapshot and transports them to the backup repository or replica VM.
  8. Triggers the removal storage snapshot once all VMs have been backed up.

VMs run off snapshots for the shortest possible time (Subject to storage array- EMC works better), while jobs obtain data from VM snapshot files preserved in the storage snapshot. As the result, VM snapshots do not get a chance to grow large and can be committed very quickly without overloading production storage with extended merge procedure, as is the case with classic techniques for backing up from VM snapshots.

Integration with EMC storage will bring great benefit to customers who wants to take advantage of their storage array. Veeam Availability Suite v9 will provide the chance to reduce IO on to your storage array and bring your SLA under control.


Backup from storage snapshots

Integration with emc storage snapshot

Veeam integrates with emc snapshots

New Veeam availability suite version 9




Understanding IT Business Continuity Plan

A business continuity plan in information technology is a documented plan indicating how a business will continue to operate if IT operation is affected by adverse conditions, such as a storm, fire, interruptions or malicious damage. Such a plan typically explains how the business would operate at the time of disaster and recover from disaster.

In December 2006, the British Standards Institution (BSI) released an independent standard for BCP — BS 25999-1. Prior to the introduction of BS 25999, BCP professionals relied on information security standard BS 7799, which only peripherally addressed BCP to improve an organization’s information security procedures. BS 25999’s applicability extends to all organizations. In 2007, the BSI published BS 25999-2 “Specification for Business Continuity Management”, which specifies requirements for implementing, operating and improving a documented business continuity management system (BCMS).

Which one you need? Business Continuity or Disaster Recovery?

If you ask me, I would prefer to have a Business Continuity Plan that includes a disaster recovery with a smooth fail-over and fail-back option and a service continuity procedures as if disaster never happened.

Most organization will presume that they have Symantec/CommVault/Veeam Backup which protect them from disaster hence they have a disaster recovery plan. This is not the case “Disaster Recovery Plan” or “Business Continuity Plan” does not mean having just only a backup product and presume you have it all.

Note! Disaster Recovery is just part of Business Continuity. My previous post on disaster recovery plan differentiate between disaster recovery and business continuity.


  • To ensure maximum possible service levels are maintained
  • To ensure a smooth recovery from interruptions as quickly as possible
  • To minimize the likelihood and impact (risk) of interruptions
  • To minimize IT/IS service desk intervention with end user in the event of disaster

Identifying Risk (Example):

Create a spreadsheet and a database of business application, systems, network and other assets that likely be impacted by an event. Here is a sample spread sheet.

List of Assets Disaster/Event Priority Action ID Responsibility Procedure Document ID Mitigation Procedure Document ID
Microsoft Exchange Server Medium EXCH0001 Exchange Admin IT-EXCH-DR-001 IT-EXCH-BC-001

Technology Acquisition as BC Plan (Example):

Technology Provider Purpose Contract Reference Warranty & Support
Smart Host Symantec Backup MX and email archive up to 30 days XX-SS-XX 3 Years
Site Recovery Manager VMware Infrastructure Fail-over & Fail-back XX-SS-XX 3 Years
Storage Replication EMC Infrastructure Fail-over & Fail-back XX-SS-XX 3 Years
Data Backup EMC Bare Metal Instant Recovery XX-SS-XX 3 Years
SQL Cluster Microsoft Active-Active cluster Enterprise Agreement 3 Years
SharePoint Cluster Microsoft Active-Active cluster Enterprise Agreement 3 Years

Risk Work Sheet (Example):

Risk Loss of Building
Probability Low
Impact High
Likely Scenario Fire
  • Auto-activate infrastructure failover to DR Site
  • Auto-activate cloud based smart host for Microsoft messaging
  • Automatically failover clustered telephony to DR site
  • Auto-answering machine and voice mail continue to operate via smart host and Lync services
  • Clustered core switch continue to operate in DR site
  • End user continue to operate seamlessly
Responsibility List of onsite engineer

List of on call Engineer

Service Delivery Manager

Operation Manager

Mitigation Test controlled fail-over

Test clustered systems and network

Monitor health of the systems and network

Resources List of documents and location where they stored

Third Party Contact (Example):

Technology Vendor Technical Support
Microsoft Exchange Microsoft 132058
IPVPN Provider Company X Xxxxxx
Smart Host Symantec Xxxxxx

IT Contact List (Example):

Name Designation Contact Number Email Address
Mr. X XX 12345678

Business Continuity Document: A Business Continuity Plan contain the following information. An example is shown below.

  1. Title
  2. Sub-Title
  3. Corporate Logo
  4. Document history.
  5. Corporate Copyright Info
  6. Table of Content
  7. Executive Summary
  8. Introduction
  9. Terminology
  10. Roles and responsibilities.
  11. Risk Management Plan
  12. Business Impact Analysis
  13. Incident Response Plan
  14. Plan activation.
  15. Communication Procedures
  16. Logic Diagram
  17. Recovery Plan
  18. Test & Evaluate
  19. Appendixes.

Understanding IT Disaster Recovery Plan

Disaster recovery (DR) involves a set of policies and procedures to enable the recovery or continuation of vital technology infrastructure and systems following a natural or human-induced disaster. Disaster recovery focuses on the IT or technology systems supporting critical business functions, as opposed to business continuity, which involves keeping all essential aspects of a business functioning despite significant disruptive events. Disaster recovery is therefore a subset of business continuity. Wiki reference

A disaster recovery plan (DRP) is a documented process or set of procedures to recover and protect a business IT infrastructure in the event of a disaster. Such plan, ordinarily documented in written form, specifies procedures an organization is to follow in the event of a disaster.

Given organizations’ increasing dependency on information technology to run their operations, a disaster recovery plan, sometimes erroneously called a continuity of operations plan (COOP), is increasingly associated with the recovery of information technology data, assets, and facilities.

Disaster Recover VS Business Continuity – Are you mixing up?

Business Continuity is different than a Disaster Recovery but linked together. Business Continuity is a practice enterprise adopt to protect business from a complete failure and wait for recovery. By adopting business continuity, you can be assured that your business will continuity to run in the event of disaster; until all systems are recovered from disaster.

There are many, many businesses that fail after a disaster without a BC plan. DR will get your hardware, software and apps back up and running, but without a business continuity plan to keep your company going during the recovery process, you might not have a reason to recover those items. BC involves your finances, your personnel, your emergency plans and everything else that is a necessity to keep going and serving.

An example of business continuity is that all your corporate inbound and outbound email will come and go via third party cloud based smart host that will store all your email up to 15~30 days but deliver inbound/outbound email straight away to your corporation which means in the event of disaster you will receive and send email from any devices that has internet connectivity. Once systems is restored, cloud based smart host will sync with on premise Exchange Server.

Disaster Recovery Terminology in Alphabetic Order

Alert – Notification that a potential disruption is imminent or has occurred; usually includes a directive to act or standby.

Application Recovery – The component of Disaster Recovery that deals specifically with the restoration of business system software and data after the processing platform has been restored or replaced.

DR Site – A site held in readiness for use during/following an invocation of business or disaster recovery plans to continue urgent and important activities of an organization.

DR Work Area – Recovery environment complete with necessary infrastructure (desk, telephone, workstation, and associated hardware and equipment, communications, etc)

Backlog – The amount of work that accumulates when a system or process is unavailable for a long period of time. This work needs to be processed once the system or process is available and may take a considerable amount of time to process.
A situation whereby a backlog of work requires more time to action than is available through normal working patterns. In extreme circumstances, the backlog may become so marked that the backlog cannot be cleared.

Backup – A process by which data (electronic or paper-based) and programs are copied in some form so as to be available and used if the original data from which it originated is lost, destroyed or corrupted.

Business Continuity – The strategic and tactical capability of the organization to plan for and respond to incidents and business disruptions in order to continue business operations at an acceptable predefined level.

Checklist Tool to remind and /or validate that tasks have been completed and resources are available, to report on the status of recovery. A list of items (names or tasks etc.) to be checked or consulted.

Contingency Plan An event specific preparation that is executed to protect an organization from certain and specific identified risks and/or threats.

Continuous Availability A system or application that supports operations which continue with little to no noticeable impact to the user. For instance, with continuous availability, the user will not have to re-log in, or to re-submit a partial or whole transaction.

Data Backups The copying of production files to media that can be stored both on and/or offsite and can be used to restore corrupted or lost data or to recover entire systems and databases in the event of a disaster.

Data Center Recovery- The component of Disaster Recovery which deals with the restoration of data center services and computer processing capabilities at an alternate location and the migration back to the production site.

Data Recovery- The restoration of computer files from backup media to restore programs and production data to the state that existed at the time of the last safe backup.

Database Replication- The partial or full duplication of data from a source database to one or more destination databases.

Disaster- Situation where widespread human, material, economic or environmental losses have occurred which exceeded the ability of the affected organization (2.2.9), community or society to respond and recover using its own resources. Source: ISO 2.1.11

Disaster Recovery- The process, policies and procedures related to preparing for recovery or continuation of technology infrastructure, systems and applications which are vital to an organization after a disaster or outage.

Hot site- An alternate facility that already has in place the computer, telecommunications, and environmental infrastructure required to recover critical business functions or information systems.

Impact- The effect, acceptable or unacceptable, of an event on an organization. The types of business impact are usually described as financial and non-financial and are further divided into specific types of impact.

Incident- An event which is not part of standard business operations which may impact or interrupt services and, in some cases, may lead to disaster.

Network Outage- An interruption of voice, data, or IP network communications.

Off-Site Storage Any place physically located a significant distance away from the primary site, where duplicated and vital records (hard copy or electronic and/or equipment) may be stored for use during recovery.

Outage- The interruption of automated processing systems, infrastructure, support services, or essential business operations, which may result, in the organizations inability to provide services for some period of time.

Recovery- Implementing the prioritized actions required to return the processes and support functions to operational stability following an interruption or disaster.

Replication– Copying a point of time, structured or unstructured data from between site(s)

Risk- Potential for exposure to loss which can be determined by using either qualitative or quantitative measures.

Recovery Point Objective- A recovery point objective, or “RPO”, is defined by business continuity planning. It is the maximum tolerable period in which data might be lost from an IT service due to a major incident. The RPO gives systems designers a limit to work to. Wiki Reference

Recovery Time Objective – The recovery time objective (RTO) is the targeted duration of time and a service level within which a business process must be restored after a disaster (or disruption) in order to avoid unacceptable consequences associated with a break in business continuity. Wiki Reference

Service Level Agreement (SLA)- A formal agreement between a service provider (whether internal or external) and their client (whether internal or external), which covers the nature, quality, availability, scope and response of the service provider. The SLA should cover day-to-day situations and disaster situations, as the need for the service may vary in a disaster.

System Recovery- The procedures for rebuilding a computer system and network to the condition where it is ready to accept data and applications, and facilitate network communications.

Validation Script- A set of procedures within the Business Continuity Plan to validate the proper function of a system or process before returning it to production operation.

Workaround Procedures- Alternative procedures that may be used by a functional unit(s) to enable it to continue to perform its critical functions during temporary unavailability of specific application systems, electronic or hard copy data, voice or data communication systems, specialized equipment, office facilities, personnel, or external services.

Developing a DR Strategy

Regarding disaster recovery strategies, ISO/IEC 27031, the global standard for IT disaster recovery, states, “Strategies should define the approaches to implement the required resilience so that the principles of incident prevention, detection, response, recovery and restoration are put in place.” Strategies define what you plan to do when responding to an incident, while plans describe how you will do it.

DR Objectives

  1. Reduce Overall Risk
  2. Maintain and Test Your Disaster Recovery Plan
  3. Alleviate Owner/Investor Concerns
  4. Restore Day-To-Day Operations
  5. Comply With Regulations
  6. Rapid Response

Priority Matrix

Priority Severity Impact
Priority 1 Highest High
Priority 2 Medium High Medium
Priority 3 Medium Medium
Priority 4 Medium low Low
Priority 5 Low Low

Who and What are involved in a Disaster Recovery

  1. People
  2. Physical facilities
  3. Technology
  4. Data (Structured & Unstructured)
  5. Third Party Vendor or Suppliers
  6. IT Governance(Policies & Procedures)

Producing a DR Document

A DR document consist of the following sections:

  1. Title
  2. Sub-Title
  3. Corporate Logo
  4. Document history.
  5. Corporate Copyright Info
  6. Table of Content
  7. Executive Summary
  8.  Introduction
  9. Terminology
  10. Roles and responsibilities.
  11. Third Party
  12. Technologies
  13. Site Diagram
  14. Incident response.
  15. Plan activation.
  16. Procedures.
  17. Appendixes.

In conclusion, once your DR plans have been completed, they are ready to be implemented. This process will determine whether business will recover and restore IT assets as planned. Remember, this is not about IT department, this is about business who wants to comply and understand importance of disaster recovery. You will only succeed if your business is willing to participate and invest CAPEX and OPEX on disaster recovery.